Over time, a child who is told their feelings are “wrong” will become confused and learn to not trust their emotions. This is called chronic emotional invalidation, which is often one of the markers of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD).
The study found that a history of emotion invalidation (i.e., a history of childhood psychological abuse and parental punishment, minimization, and distress in response to negative emotion) was significantly associated with emotion inhibition (i.e., ambivalence over emotional expression, thought suppression, and avoidant stress responses).
Further studies showed that emotion inhibition is a significant predictor of depression and anxiety symptoms.
Source : http://www.borderlinepersonalitytreatment.com/borderline-personality-disorder-chronic-invalidation.html
Understanding the impact of a lack of emotional validation has been essential for me in healing from the terrible symptoms of internalised self invalidation which led to addiction. These symptoms were not even conscious for me until about 10 years ago after over 10 years of active abstinence from alcohol and all other mood altering drugs. Its been a big learning curve. This blog is an attempt to express some of what I have learned.
When as children our true feelings and needs are not validated we learn to internalise that invalidation. We constantly question ourselves, doubt ourselves, dismiss or minimise our true feelings, hear punishing or inwardly threatening or accusing voices including suicidal ones. Some of us take our own lives.
In his book The Inner World of Trauma the psychotherapist, Donald Kalsched explains how children traumatised in this way come to be possessed by an inner accusing figure that turns themselves against their self or acts to protect them from further upset and abuse by blocking out relationship and sometimes telling the person to end their life. Even when the promise of a healthy relationship free of abuse is offered the person will doubt it and hear inner voices telling them to kill it off for fear of being traumatised again. Its a very painful state of affairs and we have no way of healing from it until we come to understand the countless ways in which emotional invalidation operates to block our true feelings, self and needs.
Lack of emotional validation sets us up for a disconnected relationship with who we really are. It also sets us up for further invalidating relationships, until we suffer enough pain to say “Enough”, and realise what is happening.
Some of the symptoms of emotional invalidation on our psyche are:
Feeling that you will never be good enough.
Feeling that you are a failure.
Feeling like an alien on earth.
Looking to addictions to ease the pain that we begin to feel when disconnected from who we really are.
Putting on a false self in order to please others. Approval seeking. Hoovering (to be explained in another blog.)
Hiding true feelings and needs out of fear of being abandoned.
Fearing getting too close to others with the belief that if anyone came too close they would not like you.
Punishing the self in some way.
Self neglect. Self sabotage.
Feeling overwhelmed by decision making or just overwhelmed in your ability to function in daily life.
Relentless inward self criticism.
Acceptance and internalisation of criticism whether or not it is valid.
Being unable to have a realistic sense of one’s strengths and weaknesses.
Not allowing very real human mistakes or feeling deep shame for making mistakes.
Feeling you are a mistake.
Shame bound feelings. If you feel anger you feel ashamed. If you feel sad you feel ashamed. As a result of being told you are a cry baby, too emotional, just too sensitive, too deep.
Suppression of emotions until they explode out in fits of screaming, crying or yelling. Difficulty regulating emotions.
Suppression of emotions to the extent that one somatises them. That is : experiences them only as pulling, pain, tearing, burning, squeezing. Difficulty breathing. Panic attacks.
Chronic fear and terror.
Pathological loneliness. Feeling as though no one could possibly ever understand you
(This list is adapted with my own additions from the following source :
What an agonisingly painful way to live. But there is hope. We can begin to learn about the effects of emotional invalidation. Most importantly we need to limit our involvement with relationships which are invalidating (until our recovery is fully centred) and often we need therapeutic or online support from those who reflect back to us our true self and validate our feelings.
Such validation is enormously powerful. One of the most painful effects in my own life of chronic invalidation has been a host of physical symptoms which made no sense, addiction, depression, anxiety, feeling suicidal and being attracted to dysfunctional relationships where old patterns of invalidation and abuse took place.
Two days ago I had a very powerful attack which was exacerbated when speaking to those who in invalidating made my physical symptoms even more acute. All the symptoms disappeared when I spoke to a therapist who was able to validate and reflect back to where I was, who I was and how I was feeling.
One of the reasons borderline personality has that name is that those of us who suffer from it live on the border of psychosis, we live very close to the unconscious, most especially the body unconscious, our triggers of past difficulties, frustrations and traumas are never very far from the surface and often they can bleed through or tear apart our usual mundane conscious space. Getting a handle on when we are triggered by emotional invalidation goes a huge way to easing our pain. It gives us power over our inner world and helps us to make wiser choices informed by our true emotional reality.
Understanding the effects of chronic emotional invalidation and internalised self invalidation is essential to our healing, helping us to shed the false self with all its deeply unconscious fears and insecurities. It frees us from the shame others would dump on us for suffering from the consequences of something we did not choose and most certainly do not deserve. It gives us the power of understanding that enables maturing and self responsibility. It helps us to dislodge the hurtful schrapnel buried deep inside us.
63 thoughts on “The painful effects of emotional invalidation”
Three years ago I joined a fellowship for children of alcoholic and dysfunctional families, and combined it with three years of intense psychotherapy. Since I am also affected by chronic and invalidating stress, I spiced up the psychotherapy with readings from different authors like Bruce Lipton, Babette Rothschild, Peter A. Levine and Mark Epstein.
I totally agree with the fact that……….. understanding the effects of chronic emotional invalidation and internalized self invalidation is essential to our healing, helping us to shed the false self with all its deeply unconscious fears and insecurities. It frees us from the shame others would dump on us for suffering from the consequences of something we did not choose and most certainly do not deserve. It gives us the power of understanding that enables maturing and self responsibility. It helps us to dislodge the hurtful shrapnel buried deep inside us.
Next step from here……..Self-Realization and Liberation
Beautifully expressed Paul..sounds like you have really learned and healed during those 3 years. Thanks for commenting.
This clarifies some of my thoughts. I grew up with it and then married it. Are there really people who don’t invalidate your feelings other than therapists?
Maybe not, sadly . I have found people like that who do validate and understand on here…in the end we have to learn how to do it for ourselves but a good therapist really is invaluable..if we never got validation it ends up very difficult…❤
“Most importantly we need to limit our involvement with relationships which are invalidating (until our recovery is fully centred) and often we need therapeutic or online support from those who reflect back to us our true self and validate our feelings. ”
Yes to the above. Being mindful of who’s ‘right’ to be around during different states has been one of the most helpful things for me.
Thank you for writing this post. Hope today is well ♡
Thank you 💖
Can you tell me about any of the organizations you mentioned where I can join? I do need to join support group
Your post is very informative.Appreciate peace and love
Leslie. I am so sorry I only just saw this comment today (1 September). I am not sure what to answer here as I have been in addiction support groups where I was not always validated. I know some bloggers on here go to groups but I don’t so much these days so I cannot really answer this. That said Al Anon did help me to a degree and they could be found in your local area by googling the organisation. I wish you luck. For me therapy with a good therapist has been essential as are friendships with those who get you. Love Deborah
Adult Children of alcoholics/dysfunctional families. You can find meetings in your area and/or online. Great program. It’s a 12-step program; doing the action steps is what heals. I work mine with a therapist who required it, along with a group therapy. Typically, a 3-5 year program. Saved my sanity. Or, in the words of the program ‘restored me to clarity’. Good luck.
What about when you are being invalidated in your adult life everyday by your so called bestfriend. Even when what you say is a factual account of things but they don’t believe in any of it and they do this in front of others who then start to do it to you also and they even lie to back up their invalidation.
Horrible. ..they sound very toxic, Cindy…
Reblogged this on Emerging From The Dark Night and commented:
This has been one of my most popular posts. I am reblogging for new followers in case it was missed and may be of some help.
Hello! I know this is kinda off topic however I’d figured I’d ask.
Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring a
blog post or vice-versa? My blog addresses a lot of the same
subjects as yours and I think we could greatly benefit from each other.
If you are interested feel free to shoot me an email.
I look forward to hearing from you! Excellent blog by the way! http://tallercreatiuemporda.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/37838
Hi Cathleen. Thanks a lot for getting in touch. I would most definitely be interested in sharing links or guest authoring a blog with you. I will email you and check your blog out. All the best Deborah
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I find those words/terms invalidating in themselves, especially when the person’s in the state they’re in BECAUSE of invalidation.
Anger is a sign of frustration, hurt, grief, sadness, etc., and is often a form of defence. Anger is not psychosis in itself.
Having low self-esteem and confidence, and feeling bad about yourself, isn’t ‘neurosis’; it’s hurt.
I believe using labels (for any mental dis-ease) adds insult to injury; and when psychiatry uses these labels FOR THEM, it beggars belief.
Kindness, respect, openmindedness and validation are what everyone needs, particularly so those who’ve not had their needful share of those things, and in some cases, none at all.
Thank you for the article.
Totally agree it should be called Complex PTSD have never agreed with the label But being invalidated so much myself I dont always get things right. Thank you for your feedback.
Where did i say anger is psychosis?
Sorry about that – I was venting.
My own experience has been excruciating; the only way I’m getting through it is by reading articles by people like you, i.e. those who understand the human condition, whether they have experienced it themselves or they’re those rare ‘experts’ who actually listen to those they exhort to get help.
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Phew that’s okay vent all you like… I get it I really do I hate the shit those kind of diagnosis cause for vulnerable people with hearts of gold who never deserved that type of pain… we are lucky when we find those experts who understand the depths of the pain underneath reactions that in the end are only cries for love..
Love to you, AC.
Thank you. You’ve just lifted me up no end saying that.
And you. 🙂
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That’s great… sending you love.. its a tough time… ❤
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I did a lot of my own research..you can google articles on it. I found books like Controlljng People and Running on Empty by Jonice Webb very helpful. A child needs mirroring to be in touch witj who they really are and to understand emotions. I hope this helps you.
Thanks so much for the feedback Neil.